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Some Common STIs

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1. Chlamydia

What to Watch For

  • Symptoms show up 7-28 days after having sex.
  • Most women and some men have no symptom.


Women

  • Discharge from vagina.
  • Bleeding from vagina between periods.
  • Bleeding after sex.
  • Burning or pain when urinate (pee).
  • Need to urinate more often.
  • Pain in abdomen, sometimes with fever and nausea.
  • Pain during sex.


Men

  • Watery, white drip from the penis.
  • Burning or pain when urinate (pee).
  • Need to urinate more often.
  • Swollen or tender testicles.


How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who has Chlamydia.

What happen if you don't get treated?

  • You can give Chlamydia to your sex partner(s).
  • Can lead more serious infection.
  • Reproduction organs can be damaged.
  • Women & possibly men may longer be able to have child.
  • A mother with Chlamydia can give to her baby during child birth.


Treatment

  • Chlamydia is curable.
  • Take antibiotic medication as directed from your doctor or nurse.
  • Ask your doctor or nurse when safe to start having sex again.
  • Your doctor or nurse will talk to you about treatment for anyone you have had sex with.

 

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2. Genital Warts

What to watch for


 

  • Symptom show up 1-8 months after contact.
  • Small, bumpy warts on the sex organs and anus.
  • After warts go away, the virus sometime, stay in the body. The warts can come back.


How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex and sometimes by genital touching with someone who has genital warts.

What happen if you don ft get treated?

  • You can give genital warts to your sex partner(s).
  • Warts may go away on their own, remain unchanged, or grow and spread.
  • A mother with warts can give them to her baby during child birth.


Treatment

  • There is no cure for HPV, virus that causes Warts.
  • The doctor or nurse can treat the warts to try to get rid of them.
  • The doctor or nurse may offer to prescribe your medication that you put on the warts yourself.
  • Ask your doctor or nurse about other treatment of HPV.
  • Females who have HPV should have a Pap test done once a year ? talk to your doctor or nurse about this.
  • Your cells may over time become immune to HPV.


3. Gonorrhea

What to watch for


Symptoms show up 2-21 days after having sex.

Most women and men have no symptom.

Women

  • Thick yellow and grey discharge from the vagina.
  • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) or have bowel movements.
  • Abnormal period or bleeding between periods.
  • Cramps and pain in the lower abdomen (belly)
  • Pain during sex.
  • Swollen groin.
  • Fever and chills.


Men

  • Thick yellow or greenish drip from the penis.
  • Burning or pain when you urinate (pee) or have bowel movement.
  • Swollen or tender testicles.


How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, oral and anal sex with someone who has Gonorrhea.

What happen if you don ft get treated?

  • You can give Gonorrhea to your sex partner(s.
  • Can lead more serious infection.
  • Reproductive organs can be damaged.
  • Both men and women my no longer able to have child.
  • Can cause heart trouble, skin disease, arthritis and blindness.
  • A mother with Gonorrhea can give to her baby in the womb or during child birth.


Treatment

  • Gonorrhea is curable.
  • Take antibiotic medication as directed by your doctor or nurse.
  • Ask your doctor or nurse when it fs safe to start having sex again.
  • You doctor or nurse will talk to you about the treatment for anyone you have had sex with.

 

 

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4. Herpes

What to watch for

  • Symptoms show up 1-30 days or longer after having sex.
  • Some people have no symptom.
  • Flu like feeling.
  • Small painful blister on the sex organ or mouth.
  • Itching or burning before the blister appear.
  • Blister last 1-3 weeks.
  • Blister goes away, but still you have herpes. Blister can come back.


How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex and sometimes by the genital touching, with someone who has herpes.

What happen if you don ft get treated?

  • You can give herpes to your sex partner(s).
  • Herpes cannot be cured.
  • A mother with herpes can give it to her baby during child birth.


Treatment

  • If you think you have herpes, see your doctor or nurse right away: if your doctor or nurse thinks you have herpes they will prescribe a medication will help control the outbreak of sores.
  • Your doctor or nurse may also recommend that you take medication when you have another outbreak of sores ? in some cases doctor or nurse will recommend that you take medication all time.
  • Clean the infected area clean and dry; wash your towel before you reuse it.
  • After the bath, use your hair dyer instead of a towel around the sore ? or gently pad the area dry with a towel.
  • Try to wear loose fitting cloths made of natural fibers such as cotton.
  • If it hurts to pee try peeing in bath water ? pouring warm water over the infected area may also help.
  • Drink lots of water.

 

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5. Syphilis

What to watch for

1st stage

  • Symptoms show up 1-12 weeks after having sex.
  • A painless sore or sores on the mouth or sex organs.
  • Sore lasts 1-5 weeks.
  • Sore goes away, but you still have syphilis.


2nd stage

  • Symptoms show up to 1 week ? 6 months after sore heals.
  • A rash anywhere on the body.
  • Flu like feelings.
  • Rash and flu feelings go away, but you still have syphilis.


How do you get this STD?

Spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who has Syphilis.

What happen if you don ft get treated?

  • You can give syphilis to your sex partner(s).
  • A mother with syphilis can give it to her baby during pregnancy or have miscarriage.
  • Can cause heart disease, brain damage, blindness and death.


Treatment

  • Syphilis is curable.
  • The doctor or nurse will prescribe antibiotic medication.
  • If you have syphilis for a long time the damage it causes your body may be permanent.


6. Hepatitis B

What to watch for

  • Symptoms show up 1-9 months after having contact with Hepatitis B viru.
  • Many people have no symptom or mild symptom.
  • Flu like feeling that doesn ft go away.
  • Tiredness.
  • Jaundice (yellow skin).
  • Dark urine, light colored bowel movement.


How do you get this STD?

  • Spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who has Hepatitis B.
  • Spread by sharing needles to inject drugs, or for any other reasons.
  • Spread by contact with infected blood.


What happen if you don ft get treated?

  • You can give Hepatitis B to your sex partner(s) or by someone who shares a needle with you.
  • Some people recover completely.
  • Some people cannot be cured. Symptoms go away, but they still give Hepatitis B to others.
  • Can cause permanent liver damage or liver cancer
  • Can cause death.
  • A mother with Hepatitis B can give it to her baby during child birth.


Treatment

  • About 90% of people with Hepatitis B are only affected by the virus for a short period of time ? their body then cure itself.
  • About 10% people become chronic of Hepatitis B- they can infect other people with the disease at any time. Because of this you need to: practice safer sex when you are Hepatitis B positive; clean up blood spill with one part bleach to 9 parts water; don ft share toothbrushes, razors or sex toys.
  • Get plenty of sleep, eat healthy diet, and reduce/eliminate smoking and alcohol consumption.


7. HIV/AIDS

What to watch for

  • Symptoms show up several months to several years after contact with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
  • Can be present for many years with no symptoms.
  • Unexplained weight loss or tiredness.
  • Flu like feeling that don ft away.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Whit spot on the mouth.


In women, yeast infection that don ft go away.

How do you get this STD

  • Spread during vaginal, anal and oral sex with someone who has HIV.
  • Spread by sharing needles to inject drugs or for any other reason.
  • Spread by contact with infected blood.


What happen if you don ft get treated?

  • You can give HIV to your sex partner(s) or someone who shares needle with.
  • HIV cannot be cured. Can cause illness and death.
  • A mother with HIV can give it to her baby in the womb, during birth or while breast feeding.


Treatment

  • There is no cure for HIV.
  • Your doctor will talk you about medicines you can take to reduce the harmful effects of HIV and increase the number of years that you will be feeling healthy.
  • Get plenty of sleep, exercise, healthy diet, reduce/eliminate smoking and alcohol consumption.


What if I think I may have one of above STDs?

Go to Delek Hospital or Zonal Hospital, Dharamshala to get an STD test.

Remember that STD testing is done on minimal fees and is confidential. No one will tell you that your call and went in.



More information on Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Click here for State wise list of STI clinic.

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